It is important to have an outdoor survival plan. But it is also important to have more than one tool available in case of breakdown or loss of equipment.
How many times have you had an expedition to the field where you had a critical piece of equipment that failed? Or have you lost or lost your tool? At best, you may have been able to improvise. In the worst case, you had to return home early. But what would have happened if you had really been in a situation of survival? Having a backup of common items could enable you to continue your trip and perhaps even save your life.
I would rather have a contingency plan for four key areas: Shelter, water, fire and cutting
Shelter – Of course, if you are actually on the campsite, you will probably have a tent or tarpaulin, which are used for basic shelter. But if you are only on a day hike, fishing trip or a short trip, you will probably not have the formal equipment of the hostel. I like to keep things simple and light. Poncho is great for this role. Nylon poncho is my preference because of their durability and durability, but PVC poncho will do it in a pinch.
You could think of a durable waste can, preferably a 55-gallon can. The Poncho or litter bin can be quickly deployed to protect against sudden rain, or it can be set up as a shelter from the sun or the wind. If you have the resources available, you can create a shelter with local materials, but with your own materials, this will free you from other tasks.
Water – We all know that you can’t do without treated backcountry water. We now have more water treatment options than ever before. I prefer to carry a water purifier with me as a basic option, but it is important to have a spare water purifier.
The perfect lightweight option is personal straw for water purification. This can be done on any trip and will not take up too much space. An additional option would be tablets for water treatment. If you have a container that is fireproof, you can also boil the water, preferably for at least 15 minutes.
Fire – There are many options for fire sources. Waterproof matches are preferred if you use matches as your primary source of fire. You can buy them or make your own with paraffin, but make sure you use matchsticks anywhere if that happens. Flashlighters are also a great source of fire, although disposable and slide style lighters also work.
To make a backup, you should consider items that will not be exposed to water. Magnesium igniters will not be damaged by water. Shave a small pile of magnesium chips from the block and then use a hammer to throw sparks on the chips. This is enough to ignite the slag. Some people prefer to wear their own slag, but be prepared to store it in a waterproof case. I highly recommend practicing both basic and backup fire building skills before you ever leave home. Building a fire using the new method in ideal conditions can be difficult enough. The learning curve of a new method can be overwhelming if you wait until you find yourself in a stressful situation.
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